Energy

Environmental Indicators

Electricity and natural gas are forms of energy that heat and power our buildings, homes, and offices. For dashboard purposes, both are combined into one target area. Energy emissions make up more than 70% of Fort Collins’ greenhouse gas emissions. Over time, the connections between electricity, natural gas, and transportation fuels will also be more closely integrated as electric and natural gas transportation solutions become more common. Electrification of fuels and natural gas that power appliances, vehicles, and heating systems is an emerging trend that will support Fort Collins’ Climate Action and Energy Policy goals.

Energy Emissions

Energy Measures

The following measures are categorized as direct or indirect. Direct measures track data used to calculate carbon emissions. Indirect measures show community trends that may impact carbon emissions but are not directly tied to carbon calculations. Some measures are not evaluated against a target and are simply informational. This is indicated when the status bar is gray instead of green, yellow, or red.

Measures

Actual

Target

Results

Direct Measures
Community Electricity Use by Resource (kWh/year)
Community electricity use by resource type indicates the amount of electricity used by the community and how it was generated. Fort Collins electricity comes from renewables (hydropower, solar and wind), purchases from other generators, and fossil sources (coal and natural gas). Data is provided by Fort Collins Utilities and the Platte River Power Authority.
1,519,643N/A2017
Indirect Measures
Percent Renewable Electricity Generation
This metric indicates the amount of electricity generated from renewable electricity resources (wind and solar). The values shown here represent the percentage of renewable generation each year since 2005. The City’s Energy Policy seeks to increase the overall amount of renewable energy to a minimum of 20% by 2020. For this metric, good performance is indicated by an increasing amount of renewable electricity generation. Data is provided by Fort Collins Utilities and the Platte River Power Authority.
15.00%20.00%2017
Percent Fossil Electricity Generation
This metric indicates the amount of electricity generated from fossil electricity resources (coal, natural gas, and grid-purchases). The values shown here represent the percentage of fossil generation each year since 2005. City Energy Policy seeks to reduce the percentage of coal-derived electricity to less than 60% by 2020. For this metric, good performance is indicated by a decreasing amount of fossil electricity generation. Data is provided by Fort Collins Utilities and the Platte River Power Authority.
62.00%60.00%2017
Community Natural Gas Use per Capita (decatherms/year)
This metric tracks natural gas use per capita. This metric is evaluated annually and is calculated by dividing the yearly community natural gas use by that year’s population. By tracking natural gas at a per capita level, changes in behavior, efficiency, and other influencing factors are more visible than at the community level where population can mask these trends. Performance improves as natural gas use per capita declines. Data is provided by Fort Collins Utilities.
46502017
Community Electricity Use Per Capita (kWh/year)
This metric tracks electricity use (kWh) per capita. It is calculated by dividing the yearly community electricity use by that year’s population. By tracking electricity use at a per capita level, changes in behavior, efficiency, and other influencing factors are more visible than at the community level where population can mask these trends. Performance improves as electricity use per capita declines. Data is provided by Fort Collins Utilities.
2,4662,680Q3 2018
Energy Performance of Municipal Buildings (KBTU/square foot)
Energy Performance of Municipal Buildings measures the energy (natural gas and electricity, converted to a common unit) use of municipal buildings per square foot. This metric is calculated by dividing the municipality’s annual energy use by the total building square footage of its building stock. The lower the number, the better the energy performance of our municipal buildings. The advantage of tracking building energy use per square foot is that it shows changes in efficiency, behavior change of building occupants, and other influencing factors. The data for this metric comes from the City’s Operations Services Department.
125.10137.002017
Energy Performance of Community Buildings (KBTU/square foot)
Energy Performance of Community Buildings measures the energy (natural gas and electricity, converted to a common unit) use of community buildings per square foot. This metric is calculated by dividing the community’s annual energy use by the total building square footage. The lower the number, the better the energy performance of buildings. The advantage of tracking building energy use per square foot is that it shows changes in efficiency, behavior change of building occupants, and other influencing factors. The data for this metric comes from Fort Collins Utilities.
62N/A2017

Energy Initiatives

Initiatives are projects, programs, and positions that the Fort Collins City Council has funded through its budgeting process. Those shown here have a direct impact on energy emissions.
Sep-18
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Initiative

Status

Community Shared Solar

This initiative is planning for additional projects to develop community solar. There are a number of models for shared (or community) solar. These include the ownership (or capacity) model of the existing Riverside Solar Project and subscription (or energy) models. The energy model is planned for the next project, which is being planned as a collaborative project with Platte River Power Authority and the other three member cities. The project will be a 5 megawatt system located on Platte River land at the Rawhide Energy Station. Funds were budgeted as rebates for a community solar program; however, as this project will be delivered via a power purchase agreement, the funds may not be able to be used per the original intent. On the other hand, the projected PPA price is substantially lower and the available capacity is substantially higher than the original proposal. Utilities anticipates including this solar energy in a revised green energy subscription program available in 2018.

Existing community solar includes the Riverside Community Solar Project, a 620 kW solar generation facility located in Fort Collins on repurposed brownfield land on Riverside Drive, built and operated by Clean Energy Collective (CEC).    Two hundred residents purchased all the shares in the Riverside Project prior to its completion in 2015. Utilities also manages a 64 kilowatt solar project as part of the Solar Affordability Program.

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018



Sep-18

Business and Home Energy Efficiency

This initiative models ongoing participation in eleven business and residential efficiency programs. Several of the programs are delivered collaboratively with Platte River Power Authority. The purpose of the portfolio is to encourage adoption of energy efficient practices and behaviors in all building types to reduce electricity use, peak demand and to reduce customer’s bills. Programs evolve over time in response to changes in market conditions, technology changes and updates to a range of codes and standards. Utilities and Platte River have been implementing efficiency programs since 2002. Third party efficiency program evaluations are being completed in 2017 and 2018.

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018


Sep-18

Solar Power Purchase Program

The Solar Power Purchase Program uses a feed-in-tariff model with power purchase agreements to increase solar generation on the distribution grid. This initiative expands this program to encourage businesses to host onsite solar projects via a competitive solicitation process. Utilities managed an initial round of applications (due September 2017) which resulted in four project awards totaling 819 kilowatts with an average weighted price of 11.4 cents per kilowatt-hour.  These four projects represent approximately 50% of the annual funds available; therefore, a second application period is set through February 15, 2018 with the expectation to identify projects for another approximately 800 kilowatts of solar capacity. All construction completion is targeted for December 2018.  

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018


Sep-18

Utilities Net Metered Solar Incentives

This initiative funds incentives for net metered solar photovoltaic systems for homes and businesses with total funding of $1M annually.  The Solar Rebates Program provides incentives to install net metered electrical generation capability on residential and commercial properties. The program began offering rebates to home owners in 2008 and businesses in 2010. Rebate amounts have been reduced over time and are now at $0.50 per watt, with limits of 3 kW for residential and 200 kW for commercial. Premises with solar are billed under their normal rate structure, with advanced meters registering net consumption and net production on a 15 minute basis and monthly net production credited at a fixed rate. Effective residential rebates are lower than the nominal rate due to customers installing larger systems with a maximum rebate of $1500.

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018



Sep-18

Energy Code Performance

This initiative models the impact of the City's local amendments and compliance efforts related to the Energy Code. The City has incorporated higher requirements for certain aspects of the residential and commercial energy codes with a dedicated staff person (started August 2016) to support enhanced compliance. This will improve the expected outcomes from code requirements over time as a result of enhanced plan review, submittal review, field inspection and testing and contractor/builder training.

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018


Sep-18

Co-gen at Drake Wastewater Reclamation Facility

This project will work in partnership with other city departments and Woodward to design, procure, construct, and operate 4 Co-Gen units and 1 gas conditioning system.  Once operational the infrastructure will enable the Drake Water Reclamation Facility to convert biogas generated from Anaerobic Digestion to beneficial on-site use for heat and energy needs. 

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018


Sep-18

Building Energy Scoring

A Building Energy Score provide utility customers with actionable feedback on how their building is performing as compared with peer building types.

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018


Sep-18

Time of Use Pilot Expansion

Transition residential electricity customers from the current tiered rate structure to a time of use rate structure.

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018


Sep-18

Xcel Partners in Energy

Xcel Energy’s Partners in Energy offering is designed to provide our community with the tools and resources necessary to develop and implement a Partners in Energy project plan. Fort Collins is the first natural gas only community to be selected for participation and Fort Collins also has established policies and plans related to energy and climate action. As such, the planning scope will differ from that delivered under Partners in Energy in other communities. This project is a true collaboration between Fort Collins Utilities and Xcel Energy to identify opportunities that benefit both utilities and their mutual customer base. The program period will initially be two years (2017/2018), with potential for continued collaboration based on partnership success.

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018


Sep-18

City Energy Project

Fort Collins is a participant in the second round of cities in the City Energy Project (CEP), a national initiative run jointly by the Institute for Market Transformation (IMT) and Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). CEP works in collaboration with participating cities to develop innovative solutions to energy efficiency in existing buildings.

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018


Sep-18

Electric Distributed Battery Pilot Program

This offer will provide funding for a feasibility and pilot study that will examine how to incorporate distributed energy storage (batteries) into the electric distribution grid. This study is needed because the energy plan and the Climate Action Plan (CAP) call for dramatically increasing the amount of distributed renewable on the electric grid. Energy storage is one technology that may be incorporated into the grid in order to manage these levels of distributed generation, i.e. match when renewable energy is supplied to when energy is demanded by customers. The data from this analysis will also be used to update the capital expenditure model which shows how customer demand can be met at the lowest capital costs. Thus this study will allow for the integration of CAP modeling with long range capital planning.


Sep-18

Platte River Customized Resource Planning

In March of 2016, the Platte River Board directed Platte River staff to develop a project charter to study customized resource portfolios for the municipal owners of Platte River.  Specifically it was asked to explore separate electricity supply structures and revenue requirements for the City of Fort Collins to help achieve the City’s Climate Action Plan (CAP) goals through a more diversified resource mix. A project team and charter was developed and signed by municipal and Platte River staff in May of 2016.

In phase 1 of the project in 2017, Platte River will model a range of options for additional renewable energy compared to base case scenario model. After initial modeling results are complete, more specific scenario planning will be developed to refine the results. Phase 2 of the project in 2018 will explore program design if any of the customized resource plans are attractive to the municipal owners.

Platte River has also embarked on modeling a scenario which would provide 100% renewable electricity to the member cities, including Fort Collins. Results of this modeling are expected in December 2017. In addition, Platte River is considering power purchase agreements for a substantial addition of wind energy in 2019 or 2020. These are also expected to be fully defined by December 2017.

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018


Sep-18

Efficiency Portfolio Evaluation
Sep-18

Street Lighting Upgrades

An economic analysis of the costs of maintaining 150W HPS streetlights indicated that replacing them with LED streetlights at the existing failure rate would break even at the first normal maintenance cycle. Using failed 150W HPS replacements as a means to research design and application with LED streetlights will provide results that will inform the project design for future LED streetlight replacement programs. This work will also support research to assess lighting levels on the streets in Fort Collins and determine appropriate replacements for other wattage classifications.

Prices for longer lasting LED streetlights have now fallen to the point where the upfront investment to convert from traditional lights to LEDs can be recovered in about 8 years through energy savings and reduced maintenance costs. However, LEDs can have different color hues and coverage patterns than our current street lights. This study has helped, and will continue to help, Light and Power gather data and experience to better understand which kinds of LED lights might be the best fit for our community. This study will be coordinated with the Night Skies Initiative currently underway.

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018


Sep-18

Alternative Fuel Lawn and Garden Equipment

Funding this offer will accelerate the turnover of municipally owned gasoline and diesel lawn and garden equipment, in favor of alternatives such as compressed natural gas (CNG) and electric powered engines. Reduction of these emissions is important as they contribute to ozone pollution and greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations. Currently, the City is part of the Denver Metro/North Front Range Ozone Non-Attainment Area, which means ozone levels in this region exceed the EPA health-based standards and is not in compliance with state and federal air quality standards. Additionally, the City has adopted ambitious carbon reduction goals which will require significant reductions in fossil fuel consumption.

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018


Sep-18

Municipal Energy Efficiency Fund

The Municipal Energy Efficiency Fund is responsible for a variety of energy efficiency upgrades, from lighting and HVAC retrofits to electrical systems upgrades.

Last updated:

  • Description - October 2017
  • Status - December 2018


Sep-18

Micro-hydro Technology Upgrade at the Water Treatment Facility

Last updated:

  • Status - December 2018
Sep-18